The skilled crafts organisation
The skilled crafts organisation is divided into two pillars: the chambers of skilled crafts and the national confederations of skilled crafts.
Chambers of skilled crafts
Chambers of skilled crafts are non-profit corporations under public law with compulsory membership for each skilled craft enterprise. The chambers offer a wide spectrum of services ranging from advice on technical, financial and legal matters to consultancy on vocational training. They keep the crafts register and are responsible for holding examinations. As self-governing business entities they also represent the interests of the crafts sector in their chamber district vis-à-vis the political institutions and the public administration. This task is taken over at federal state level by a state’s working group of chambers or the state skilled crafts sector representatives. The 53 chambers of skilled crafts are confederated at national level in the German Confederation of Chambers of Skilled Crafts (DHKT).
National confederations of skilled crafts
The national confederations of skilled crafts are organisations with a voluntary membership. They represent the specific specialist interests of a trade or groups of trades. They also fulfil the function of employers’ organisations, e.g. they negotiate wage rates.
The ‘bottom-up’ structure of the skilled crafts sector is as follows: self-employed craftsmen can form a ‘guild’ at local level. Membership is voluntary.
Various guilds combine to form ‘Local Councils of Skilled Crafts’. Regional confederations exist at federal state level. The 48 confederations of guilds nationwide and eight other professional associations acting as cooperation partners together form the German Association of Skilled Crafts Confederations (UDH).